# UGC NET GENERAL APTITUDE SYLLABUS 2022

Initially, the paper pattern consisted of 3 papers (Paper I, II, and III), but as of after 2019, the updated exam pattern is of 2 papers (Paper I and II).

The paper II and III subjective syllabus content is merged to form paper II. Paper I is of general nature, intended to assess the teaching/research aptitude of the candidate.

It consists of 50 compulsory MCQs of 2 marks each. This paper is for 1 hour. Paper-II will contain 100 compulsory MCQs of two marks each from the subject and the duration of this paper has been made as two hours (120 minutes).

1 Teaching Aptitude
A Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
C Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support material,Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
D Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs.Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam,Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.)
E Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
F Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.
2 Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude
A Types of reasoning.
B Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
C Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.)
3 Logical Reasoning
A Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.
B Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
C Analogies.
D Venn diagram: Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments.
E Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.
F Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
G Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).
4 Research Aptitude
A Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Post- positivistic approach to research.
B Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
C Steps of Research.
D Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
E Application of ICT in research.
F Research ethics.
5 Comprehension
A A passage of text be given. Questions be asked from the passage to be answered.
6 Research Aptitude
A Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
B Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
C Barriers to effective communication.
D Mass-Media and Society.
7 Data Interpretation
A Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
B Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
C Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
D Data Interpretation.
E Data and Governance.
8 Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
A ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.
B Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.
C Digital initiatives in higher education.
D ICT and Governance.
9 Higher Education System
A Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
B Evolution of higher learning and research in Post Independence India.
C Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.
D Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.
E Value education and environmental education.
10 People, Development and Environment
A Development and environment:( Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.)
B Human and environment interaction:( Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment.)
C Environmental issues: (Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.)
D Impacts of pollutants on human health.
E Natural and energy resources:( Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.)
F Natural hazards and disasters:(Mitigation strategies.)
G Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.