Samradni Pingale


Sanjay chavan

Santosh Kumar das

Saswati Pattnaik


Shalu gupta


Shital maindale

Shrabonti Chatterjee

Shubham Meshram




Sourin Adhikary

Supriyo Ghosh


UGC NET Courses

Some Frequently Asked Questions

The UGC NET (University Grants Commission) conducted by the National Eligibility Test (NET) for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the Eligibility of Assistant Professorship, JRF or both, for colleges and universities. UGC-NET exam is conducted twice every year.

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After UGC NET, JRF qualifying, candidates can pursue research in their respective postgraduate programs.

He/She choose universities/colleges from NET Coordinating Institutes and enroll themselves for Ph.D. at different universities/institutes and IIMs.

After Ph.D. registration, they will also be awarded a five-year fellowship: Rs. 31,000/month+HRA (HRA availability depends on the institute) for the first two years and Rs. 35,000/month+HRA for the next three years.

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Candidate should secure at least 55% marks in there masters or equivalent from a recognized university (including languages) Social Science, Computer Science and Applications, Electronic Science, etc. They are eligible to appear for the UGC NET exam.


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To determine eligibility for lectureship and Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals conducted by National Eligibility Test (NET) to ensure minimum standards for entrance in teaching profession.

UGC NET and CSIR NET both exams have differences in various terms. Both Exams have their own importance and best in their fields.

UGC NET Exam is conducted by the University Grants Commission (UGC) while the CSIR NET exam is conducted by the Human Resource Development Group (HRDG) of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR).

UGC NET Exam is conducted for almost all subjects of every stream while the CSIR NET exam is organized only for the science stream subjects. This is the major difference between both exams.

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UGC NET vs CSIR NET: Exam pattern

The exam pattern for UGC NET and CSIR NET exams is different as mentioned below:

UGC NET exam pattern: UGC NET is an online exam that consists of two papers containing objective-type questions. Paper 1 contains 50 questions of 100 marks and paper 2 contains 100 questions of 200 marks. Both the papers are conducted in a single duration of three hours.

UGC NET Paper Number of Questions Total Marks
Paper 1 50 100
Paper 2 100 200

UGC NET VS CSIR NET Number of Test Takers

The number of candidates appearing in UGC NET exam is much larger than the number of aspirants giving the CSIR NET exam every year Have a look at the number of applicants and test-takers below:

2019 2020 2019 2020
Number of Applicants 10.34,872 8,60.976 2,82,117
Number of Test Takers 7.93.813 5.26,707 2.28.411

There are various opportunities you will get after clearing UGC NET competitve exam. Candidates who qualify for UGC NET exam will be eligible for Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship (JRF).

  • Eligible for JRF Fellowship
  • Work in Top Laboratories
  • Join Top Universities as an Assistant Professor
  • Promotion in Existing Job/Research Work
  • Higher Preference in Any Job Opportunity
  • Opportunities to Join PSUs
  • Chance to Become a Subject Expert
  • Become an Author & Publish Your Book
  • Establish Your Own Laboratory

The minimum marks for UGC NET qualifying are 40% for unreserved categories and 35% for reserved category candidates.

List of NET subjects for UGC NET May 2021

  • Economics
  • Political Science
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • History
  • Anthropology
  • Commerce
  • Education
  • Social Work
  • Defence and Strategic Studies
  • Home Science
  • Public Administration
  • Population Studies*
  • Hindustani Music (Vocal/Instrumental)
  • Management
  • Maithili
  • Bengali
  • Hindi
  • Kannada
  • Malayalam
  • Odia
  • Punjabi
  • Sanskrit
  • Tamil
  • Telugu
  • Urdu
  • Arabic
  • English
  • Linguistics
  • Chinese
  • Dogri
  • Nepali
  • Manipuri
  • Assamese
  • Gujarati
  • Marathi
  • French
  • Spanish
  • Russian
  • Persian
  • Rajasthani
  • German
  • Japanese
  • Adult Education/Continuing Education/Andragogy/Non Formal Education
  • Physical Education
  • Arab Culture and Islamic Studies
  • Indian Culture
  • Labour Welfare/Personnel Management/Industrial Relations/Labour and Social Welfare/Human
  • Resource Management
  • Law
  • Library and Information Science
  • Buddhist, Jaina, Gandhian and Peace Studies
  • Comparative Study of Religions
  • Mass Communication and Journalism
  • Dance
  • Museology & Conservation
  • Criminology
  • Tribal and Regional Language/Literature
  • Folk Literature
  • Comparative Literature
  • Archaeology
  • Sanskrit Traditional Subjects (including Jyotisha/Sidhanta Jyotisha/Navya Vyakarna/
  • Vyakarna/Mimamsa/Navya Nyaya/Sankhya Yoga/Tulanatmaka Darsana/Shukla Yajurveda/
  • Madhva Vedanta/ Dharma Sastra/ Sahitya/ Purana-itihasa/Agama/Advaita Vedanta)
  • Women Studies **
  • Visual Art (including Drawing & Painting/Sculpture/Graphics/Applies Art/History of Art)
  • Geography
  • Social Medicine & Community Health
  • Forensic Science
  • Pali
  • Kashmiri
  • Konkani
  • Computer Science and Applications
  • Electronic Science
  • Environmental Sciences
  • International and Area Studies
  • Prakrit
  • Human Rights and Duties
  • Tourism Administration and Management
  • Bodo
  • Santali
  • Karnatik Music (Vocal Instrument, Percussion)
  • Rabindra Sangeet
  • Percussion Instruments
  • Drama/ Theatre
  • Yoga

The application fees of UGC NET exam is varies for all categories. The application fees is non refundable. It can be paid through credit/ debit card or e-Challan. All the aspirants paying through e-Challan will have to make the cash payment in bank. The category-wise fee details are mentioned below:

UGC NET Application Fee 2021
Category Application Fee
General/Unreserved Rs. 1000/-
Other Backward Classes(OBC)-NCL Rs. 500
SC/ST/PwD/Trangender Rs. 250

As per UGC NET cut off 2021, the minimum qualifying marks for general category is 40% whereas for reserved category its 35%.

For details:

The eligibility criteria to apply for UGC NET is:

Age Limit: For JRF, the maximum age is 30 years and for Assistant Professor, there is no upper age limit.

Educational Qualifications:

  • The General / Unreserved / General-EWS candidates are required to have a Master's degree or its equivalent with a minimum of 55% marks and the Non-Creamy Layer / Scheduled Caste / Scheduled Tribe / Persons with Disability / Transgender category candidates required 50% marks.
  • Candidates who are pursuing their Master's degree or equivalent course or candidates who have appeared for their qualifying Master's degree (final year) examination and whose result is still awaited or candidates whose qualifying examinations have been delayed may also apply for this test.

Those Candidates have applied for UGC NET 2021 need to start their preparation before time. Though UGC NET test is one of the toughest exams of the country candidates can use some tricks which will help them perform better in the exam. Following below are certain tips which candidates can use for their preparation.

  • Know your Syllabus
  • Prepare Notes
  • Attempt Mock Test
  • Solve Previous Year Papers
  • Time Management
  • Prepare on Time & more

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As per the UGC NET exam qualifying marks, general category students must secure minimum 40% marks while other category candidates must secure at least 35%. The table below contains the qualifying marks

Category Paper I(Out of 100 Marks) Paper II(Out of 200 Marks)
UGC NET qualifying marks for General(Unreserved) 40 (40%) 40 (40%)
OBC Non-creamy layer, PWD/SC/ST and Transgender 35 (35%) 35 (35%)

For download UGC NET admit card please follow below steps to get your admit card

  • Step 1: Visit the official website of UGC NET: or click on the link given above.
  • Step 2: Search for “Download UGC NET Admit Card 2021 for Dec 2020 & June 2021 Exam” in the recent update section.
  • Step 3: Next, click on UGC NET ADMIT CARD 2021 link.
  • Step 4: Enter Your Application Number & Password.

UGC-NET is conducted twice every year. Due to postponement of December 2020 UGC-NET in view of COVID-19, the schedule of June 2021 UGC-NET has been delayed.

For Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), the candidate can have 3 attempts. However, there is no age or number of attempts limit for UGC NET Assistant Professor posts.

Candidates are advised to follow the step-wise procedure to fill the UGC NET online application form below:

  • Stage-I: Registration
  • Stage-II: Complete the Online UGC NET Application Form
  • Stage-III: Upload Photograph and Signature
  • Stage-IV: Payment of Fee and Status of Application Form Fee

Important tips to crack the UGC NET exam on the first attempt. For all the aspirants preparing for this exam, here are some expert tips to crack UGC NET 2022 in the first attempt.

  • Time Management Skills
  • Clear your concepts
  • Exam analysis
  • smart study
  • Practice mock tests
  • Revision
  • Try to make a short note
  • Can do attitude
  • Take a breat a after every study session
  • Devise your own strategy

UGC NET result 2021 will be published on the website of NTA in the format of the scorecard in the 4th week of January 2022.

The candidate must refer best books for UGC NET Paper I which is tabulated below:

Book Title Author Name Publisher Name
Trueman's UGC NET/SET General Paper I M. Gagan, Sajit Kumari Danika Publishing Company, 2019
NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF- Paper 1 KVS Madaan Pearson Education, Third Edition, 2019
2019 Latest Syllabus-NTA UGC NET/ SET/JRF-Paper 1 Harpreet Kaur Oxford University Press, First Edition, 2019
NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF-Paper 1 Arihant Experts Arihant Publications, Eleventh Edition, 2019
NTA UGC NET/SET/JRF-Paper 1 Dr. Usha Rani Jain JBC Press, First Edition
CBSE UGC-NET. Teaching and Research Aptitude Dr. M.S. Ansari & RPH Editorial Board Ramesh Publishing House,2019
General Awaroness Manorama Yearbook - Arihant Publications
A New Approach to Reasoning Verbal and Nonverbal BS Siwali and Indu Sijwali Arihant Publications
Computer Awareness Mini Goyal and Shweta Rani Arihant Publications
Quantitative Aptitude RS Aggrawal S.Chand
Quantitative Aptitude N.K. Singh Upkar Prakashan Publication
High School English Grammar and Composition Wren and Martin -

The candidate must refer best books for UGC NET Paper II which is tabulated below:

Name Of Books Author
Discrete Mathematics Seymour Lipschutz
Introduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation John E. Hopcroft, Rajeev Motwani, Jeffrey D Ullman
An Introduction to Formal Languages and Automata Peter Linz
Graph Theory with Applications To Engineering And Computer Science Narsingh Deo
Computer Arithmetic Digital Logic and Computer Design Morris Mano
Programming in C and C++ The C Programming Language Dennis M. Ritchie
Object-Oriented Programming with C++ Balagurusamy
Relational Database Design Database Systems: Models, Languages. Design and Application Programming Ramez Elmasri, Navathe
Data and File Structure Data structure using C Tenenbaum, Langsam, and Augenstein
Computer Networks Andrew S. Tanenbaum
Data Communications and Networking Forouzar
Data and Computer Communications William Stallings
System Software & Compilers (including Microprocessors) Microprocessor Architecture. Programming, and Applications with the 8085 Ramesh Gaonkar
Compilers: Principles. Techniques and Tools Aho, Lam, Sethi and Ullman
Systems Programming Donovan
Operating Systems with Unix Operating System Concepts Silberschatz. Galvin, Gagne
Unix Concepts & Applications Sumitabha Das
Software Engineering: A Practitioners Approach Roger Pressman
Computer Graphics. C Version Donald D Hear
Introduction to Algorithms Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest, Clifford Stein
Artificial Intelligence Kevin Knight
Current Trends and Technologies An Introduction to Farallel Computing Ananth Grama
  1. Philip Kotler-Marketing Management.
  2. M.Y.Khan or P.K.Jain- Financial Management.
  3. Panneerselvam -Production Management.
  4. Garry Dessler or Tripati- Human Resource Management.
  5. CRM,LOGISTICS MGNT SERVICE MARKETING need online collections and updated informations.
  6. Labour law,Industrial Relations, Collective bargaining, and Training and Development are more concentrated are.
  7. Entrepreneurship
Difficulty Level of the Paper Hard - Moderate Tough
Exam Mode Online mode Online mode
Official Website
Duration of the Exam 3 hours 3 hours
Total Subjects 81 5

No. There is no negative in the exam. UGC NET 2022 will have a total of 150 MCQs and candidates will be given 3 hours to complete the exam. Paper I will have 50 questions and Paper II will have 100 questions.