Algae in diversified habitats (Terrestrial, fresh water, marine)
organization, Cell structure and reproduction in different classes/groups
in classification of Algae
Economic Importance of Algae
General characteristic in different classes/groups of fungi
cell ultra structure
ell wall composition
economic importance of fungi
mycorrhizae and lichens.
eubacteria and cyanobacteria
ultra-structure and reproduction
characteristics and ultra structure of virions
Spiroplasma and Phytoplasma - General characters and role in
causing plant diseases
microbiology of water
air and soil.
General account of diseases caused by plant pathogens
molecular basis of host
pathogen attack and defense mechanism
important field crops of Rajasthan (red rot of sugar cane, rust of wheat, covered
smut of wheat, loose smut of wheat, green ear disease of bajra, leaf spot and
smut of jowar, ergot and smut of bajra, root knot and rot diseases of vegetables)
diseases control and the role of information technology.
evolution and interrelationships in
Bryophytes, Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms
Evolution of Stele
and seed habit
principles of palaeobotany.
principles of nomenclature
systems of classification (Bentham and Hooker, Engler and Prantl, Hutchinson
Role of morphology
genome analysis and nucleic acid hybridization in
taxonomy of some selected families of Rajasthan (Leguminoceae
Cucurbitaceae, Asteraceae, Asclepiadeceae, Solanaceae, Euphorbiaceae and
phylogeny of angiosperms.
General concept of plant morphology - origin and evolution of flower
organization of root and shoot apical meristems.
Development of male and female gametophytes
pollen pistil interaction, fertilization
endosperm development and embryogenesis
seed development and fruit formation
biochemistry and molecular biology of fruit maturation.
Basic concepts of ecology
ecological factors affecting plant growth
Principles of limiting factors
r and K
Genecology and range extensions
succession in various habitats
concept of climax
Structure and function of
energy flow and biogeochemical cycles (N,P,C,S)
major biomes of the world
regions of India
vegetation of Rajashan
Environmental pollution- air, water, noise and soil, Green house effect, Ozone
layer depletion, Acid rain
Concept of biodiversity with special reference to
India, Hot spots, strategies for conservation of flora and fauna, Bio monitoring,
Environmental Impact Assessment.
centers of origin
improvement of plants of food (rice, wheat, bajra, pulses, green gram, moth and
beans) Oil seeds (mustard, soybean and ground nut), drugs (Rauvolfia, Ephedra,
Papaver, Atropa, Cinchona and Withania), Fibre - Cotton, jute & coir and
plants of industrial value - Tobacco, sugarcane, tea and coffee
underexploited plants of potential medicinal and food value with special
reference to Rajasthan.
Light and Electron microscopy (TEM & SEM)
Confocal Electron microscopy
fixation and staining
membrane transport and translocation of water and
Enzymes - Classification, mechanism of action, role in metabolism,
enzyme, kinetics, regulation of enzyme activity, active sites, coenzymes,
Activators and inhibitors, isozymes.
Photosynthesis - Pigments, photophosphorylation, Mechanism of
photosynthesis, photorespiration, photosynthesis in C4 plants, CAM.
Nitrogen metabolism - amino acid metabolism and protein synthesis
Fatty acid metabolism
Signal transduction: overview receptors and Gproteins,
specific signaling mechanism in bacteria and proteins.
Respiration - Glycolysis, TCA cycle, Oxidative phosphorylation,
Glycogen breakdown, inter conversion of hexoses and pentoses.
Seed dormancy and germination, hormonal regulation of growth and
Physiological effects and mechanism of action of auxins,
gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscisic acid and jasmonic acid, plant
rythms and biological clock, secondary metabolites, plant responses to
biotic and abiotic stresses
Physiology of flowering- Photoperiodism and
Ultra structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, cell membrane
structure and function,
cell organelles- structure and functions
Nucleus -structure, nuclear pores
DNA Structure - A,B and Z forms, replication,
damage and repair, transcription, splicing and nucleolus, cells cycle,
structure of chromatin and its organization, specialized types of
chromosomes, banding patterns, chromosomal aberration and polyploidy.
Genetics of eukaryote and prokaryote organelles
transduction in bacteria
genetics of mitochondria and cytoplasmic male
Techniques in cell biology-in situ hybridization FISH, GISH, genetic
code, transcription and translation, operon model, RNA polymerase
Genetic mapping : Independent assortment and crossing over, molecular
mechanism of recombination, chromosome mapping, linkage groups
Molecular basis of spontaneous and induced mutation and their role in
evolution, principles of plant breeding important conventional methods of
self and cross pollinated and vegetatively propagated crops, mutation
Basic concepts, principles and scope of Biotechnology
plant cell and
concept of totipotency
micropropagation by organogenesis
and adventitious shoot bud differentiation
axillary bud proliferation and
somatic hybridization - protoplast isolation, fusion and
production of hybrids and somaclones
production of secondary metabolites and bioactive compounds.
Recombination DNA Technology : Restriction enzymes, reverse
Gene cloning, principles and techniques, construction of
DNA libraries, DNA synthesis and sequencing, polymerase
chain reaction, DNA finger printing
Genetic engineering of plants : Aims,
strategies for development of transgenics, Agrobacterium and
microinjection mediated gene transfer in plants, intellectual property
rights and possible ecological risks and ethical concerns, microbial
Structural and functional genomics, microarray,
genome sequencing projects (with special reference to rice, wheat, chick
pea and tomato) and proteomics.
Principles and practices of statistical methods in biological research,
samples and population, Data collection and processing, Basic statistics
(averages, statistics of dispersion, coefficient of variation, standard error
confidence limits, probability, Distribution (Binomial,
Poisson and Normal) Tests of statistical significance, simple correlation
and regression, Analysis of variance.